1. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering.
(Genomics and Proteomics, Metabolomics, Medical Science, Molecular and Cell Biology, Applied Microbiology, Bioenvironmental Engineering, Food and Nutritional Science, Microbial Engineering, as well as Cell and Tissue Technology)
Technology based on biology as a pillar – biotechnology utilizes cellular and molecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve our lives and the health on earth. Biological processes of microorganisms have used for more than thousand years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products. Modern of biotechnology provides robust products and technologies to combat debilitating and rare diseases, reduce our environmental footprint, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, and have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.
Nowadays, more than hundred biotechnology healthcare products and vaccines are available. On the other hand, biotechnology also has been used in agriculture to increase yields, prevent damage from insects and pests and reduce farming’s impact on the environment. The reducing the greenhouse gas emission can be developed through the application of biorefineries to produce fuels and chemical feedstocks from renewable biomass.
2. Chemical Biology
(Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmacology, Pathology, Organic Chemistry, Chemistry of Natural Products, and Biochemistry)
Chemical Biology has an important role for sustainable development especially on application of chemical techniques for drug design, development methods for medical therapy, agriculture and so on. Not only environment but also a quality life of the community is the key to achieving the sustainable development goals. Recently, WHO ensure that there are several serious diseases such as Ebola virus disease, avian influenza A, pandemic, influenza at the human-animal interface and so on. The contribution of chemical biology more focused on improving the quality life through development methods for a new common disease.
3. Material Sciences and Engineering Resources
(Inorganic Chemistry, Organometallic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Materials for Renewable Energy, Nanomaterials Surface Chemistry and Physics, Subatomic Physics)
Environmentally compatible traffic concepts are the particularly important category for innovation. Innovations in materials sciences and engineering resources have a big response to challenge in the areas of energy, the environment, medicine, and manufacturing.
4. Humanities and Social Sciences
(Linguistics, Ethnology and Cultural Studies, Development Studies, Disaster Management, Public Policy, Economic, Human Science, Politics, Law, International Relation and education system)
The design of sustainable ecosystems should be combined with humanities. The scientist will observe at physical process whereas social scientist will examine the sociological progress. Humanities focus on ideas, values, language, culture, and history. To sustain our human communities, our natural resources, and our rich global biological and cultural heritage, we must explore humans’ beliefs about their relationship to nature and integrate the knowledge and policy across the disciplines in order to understand and lead human development toward a responsible and sustainable future.